Volume 26, Issue 2
Nurses' Psychological Resilience and Job Satisfaction: The Mediating Effect of Positive Affectivity
Background: Nurses' positive affectivity, psychological resilience, and job satisfaction are all hot topics of current research, but there is little relevant empirical research on the relationships among positive affectivity, psychological resilience, and job satisfaction. Method: A total of 229 nurses from 2 3A general hospitals in Hunan Province, China, completed the Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale, the Positive Affective Scale, and the McCloskey/Mueller Satisfaction Scale. Results: Psychological resilience was positively correlated with positive affectivity (r = 0.325, P < 0.05). Psychological resilience was positively correlated with job satisfaction (r = 0.524, P < 0.05). Positive affectivity was positively correlated with job satisfaction (r = 0.344, P < 0.05). Positive affectivity exerted a partial mediating effect on the relationship between psychological resilience and job satisfaction (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Psychological resilience not only directly affects job satisfaction, but also indirectly affects job satisfaction through positive affectivity. Positive affectivity exerts a partial mediating effect on the relationship between psychological resilience and job satisfaction. Medical institutions can improve nurses' positive affectivity and psychological resilience in order to increase their job satisfaction and reduce their turnover rate, thereby maintaining the healthy and stable development of the nursing team.
mediating effect of positive affectivity, psychological resilience, job satisfaction