Volume 28, Issue 5


DOI: 10.24205/03276716.2019.1155

COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL TREATMENT FOR IMPROVING DISTRESS IN PEDIATRIC ONCOLOGY: A PILOT STUDY


Abstract
The aim of the study was to assess the psychological profile of oncology patients, and to assess the effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral treatment aimed to improve coping of pain and anxiety in childhood-juvenile cancer. The sample initially was of 12 patients, between 9 and 14 years diagnosed with cancer, to whom a protocol of psychological treatment was applied, with a duration of 7 sessions that were carried out during the hospital admissions. There was a significant reduction in anxiety and an increase in positive affect levels. In individuals with high scores on the emotionality and extraversion scale, higher levels of post treatment anxiety were found. These results provide evidence of the importance of applying treatments focused on treating the psycho-emotional effects in children with cancer. Clinical trial registration number: 03/2013.

Keywords
Oncology, childhood, distress, cognitive-behavioral treatment.

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